The Science Senses
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In general, Science Sense is…
- being able to distinguish science from non-science
- the ability to recognize how people collect and process facts into knowledge
- the ability to recognize how a collection of facts becomes knowledge
- being able to question and evaluate information that is presented as scientific
- being an informed consumer, evaluator, and practitioner of science
More specifically, the skills that help to develop Science Sense fall into three broad categories: Number Sense, Data Sense, and Knowledge Sense. Note that the list below is just a sample of the kinds of skills that fall into each category.
Number Sense includes…
- Scales and orders of magnitude
- Estimates and approximations
- Measurements and units of measurement
Data Sense includes…
- Graphical interpretation and visualization
- Sample size, relevance and statistical analysis
- Identifying and correcting for bias
Knowledge Sense includes…
- The nature and limits of science and scientific questions
- Designing experiments
- Scientific ethics and applying science
- Communicating science